Many young Americans are made to believe a college degree equates to guaranteed employment or that a diploma somehow ensures a fiscally stable future. Yet for many graduates who are unemployed, or for the tens of millions who are burdened by student debt, the inverse is true. Student debt in the United States today totals about $1.3 trillion, and that amount continues to propel upward at an alarmingly steady rate.
Yet a glimmer of hope exists in the form of a new law that some students are using to challenge universities that promise results and don’t deliver. In July 2015, the FTC announced that it had issued University of Phoenix owner, Apollo Group, a “Civil Investigative Demand,” and would be looking into the use of potential deceptive advertising, sale or marketing of Apollo’s services to students.
The upward trending volume of student debt becomes more worrisome in light of unemployment rates in the United States. The good news is that, in recent years, the overall rate of unemployment in the United States has steadily declined from 9.9% in December 2009 to just 5% at the end of 2015, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The bad news is that according to the Economic Policy Institute, the rate of unemployment among young graduates is 7.2%, despite a recovering economy. According to a Washington Post investigation, the unemployment rate for University of Phoenix graduates is substantially higher.
According to the law, which bears the clunky name 34 CFR 685.206 (c), if a student in debt qualifies for one of the somewhat vague borrower defenses, which could include long-term unemployment post-graduation, the indebted graduate may be entitled to an exemption from repayment, or a full or partial refund.
“If the borrower’s defense against repayment is successful, the secretary notifies the borrower that the borrower is relieved of the obligation to repay all or part of the loan and associated costs and fees that the borrower would otherwise be obligated to pay,” the law reads. “The secretary affords the borrower such further relief as the secretary determines is appropriate under the circumstances.”
Court cases arguing the injustice of student debt are not the first sign of a stirring sea change. State officials, politicians and even President Barack Obama have voiced a need to make college affordable for all young Americans.
To address the issue on a larger scale, the Obama administration hasn’t been totally inert. In December, the government program Revised Pay as You Earn, or REPAYE for short, became available to millions of young people in America. Before the December update, only low-income Americans with debt or students who borrowed money after 2007 were eligible to apply for the debt forgiveness program.
“We have to make college affordable for every American,” Obama said in his final State of the Union on Jan. 13. “No hardworking student should be stuck in the red. We’ve already reduced student loan payments to 10% of a borrower’s income. And that’s good. But now, we’ve actually got to cut the cost of college.
“Providing two years of community college at no cost for every responsible student is one of the best ways to do that, and I’m going to keep fighting to get that started this year. It’s the right thing to do.”